12 Fish You Should Never Eat

A very important and helpful list! –

Imported Catfish Why It’s Bad: Nearly 90 percent of the catfish imported to the U.S. comes from Vietnam, where use of antibiotics that are banned in the U.S. is widespread. Furthermore, the two varieties of Vietnamese catfish sold in the U.S., Swai and Basa, aren’t technically considered catfish by the federal government and therefore aren’t held to the same inspection rules that other imported catfish are.

Source: 12 Fish You Should Never Eat

Antibiotic Resistance From Unexpected Sources – Herbicides, Dust And Metals – Forbes

Antibiotic Resistance From Unexpected Sources – Herbicides, Dust And Metals – Forbes

It’s one of the biggest health issues currently! Why taking it natural – even though that has its costs – is the better way –

More disturbing news was revealed this week on new sources of antibiotic resistance in the environment. First, in a troublesome report in mBio⁠, the journal of the American Society for Microbiology, researchers showed that three commercial herbicides—Monsanto’s dicamba (Kamba) and glyphosate (Roundup), and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)—could make strains of Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium less sensitive to antibiotics. (The response varied with different combinations of antibiotic, herbicide, and bacterial strain).

This is hugely important for several reasons: Herbicides are fairly ubiquitous in the environment. Glyphosate (Roundup) has been found in the milk and meat of cows⁠, and in human urine. According to German researchers⁠, “Glyphosate residues cannot be removed by washing and they are not broken down by cooking. Glyphosate residues can remain stable in foods for a year or more, even if the foods are frozen, dried or processed.” Thus, there is great chance for interaction of herbicides with antibiotics. Interestingly, Roundup alone had once been considered as an antibiotic, but resistance was found to develop rapidly.⁠ Dr. Jack Heinemann, the study’s lead author and professor at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand explains that while a bacteria alone might have been killed by an antibiotic, when exposed to an herbicide, a resistance gene is turned on, in effect “‘immunizing’ the bacteria to the antibiotic.”

An additional problem is that some weeds have become resistant to Roundup. New genetically modified soybeans and corn have been engineered by Dow⁠ to resist the “Enlist Duo” herbicide, which is a combination of glyphosate and 2, 4-D.

Source: Antibiotic Resistance From Unexpected Sources–Herbicides, Dust And Metals – Forbes

Superbug Bacteria Resistant to All Antibiotics Found in the UK

Superbug Bacteria Resistant to All Antibiotics Found in the UK

What the overuse of antibiotics in industrial farming is worryingly leading to –

Following the discovery in the UK of bacteria that resist the most common antibiotic of last resort, a leading British expert is warning it is “almost too late” to stop a global superbug crisis.

News outlets reported Monday that UK government scientists have found a gene, known as mcr-1, that gives bacteria resistance to colistin, often used by doctors when other antibiotics fail. Such resistance was first discovered last month in China and in the past few weeks, the resistance gene has also been found in Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Portugal and in several Asian and African countries.

UK scientists found the latest antibiotic-resistant gene in E. coli from two pig farms, in samples from a pig and two separate patients. The rise of the so-called post-antibiotic era is widely linked to over- and misuse of antibiotics in industrial agriculture.

Public Health England found colistin-resistance in 15 of the 24,000 bacterial samples it keeps on record from cases between 2012 and 2015, including samples of salmonella and E. Coli.

According to the Soil Association’s Alliance to Save Our Antibiotics campaign, scientists found the mcr-1 gene in E. coli from two pig farms, in samples from a pig and two separate patients. The E. coli from the human patients were also resistant to the critically important cephalosporin antibiotics, the Alliance noted. Meanwhile, the colistin gene was also found in 10 human salmonella infections and in salmonella from an imported sample of poultry meat.

The gene is reportedly found on mobile pieces of DNA, which means it can jump from farm-animal bacteria into bacteria causing human infections.

Source: Superbug Bacteria Resistant to All Antibiotics Found in the UK

WHO: Antibiotic Resistance Now a ‘Major Threat to Public Health’

WHO: Antibiotic Resistance Now a ‘Major Threat to Public Health’

Antibiotics in our food supply is a major source of concern. Do you know what  goes into your meat? –

In its first report on the issue ever, the World Health Organization (WHO) is sounding alarms about the issue of antibiotic resistance and the global public health threats it poses to our increasingly interconnected world.

“The problem is so serious that it threatens the achievements of modern medicine. A post-antibiotic era—in which common infections and minor injuries can kill—is a very real possibility for the 21st century,” the report states.Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria no longer die when treated with antibiotics. As a result, doctors have to use stronger, more potent antibiotics, and the more those are used, the more resistance bacteria develop to those as well. The WHO is warning that we’re reaching a point in which the strongest antibiotics doctors have in their arsenal, the “treatment of last resort” drugs as they’re called, no longer work.

And in fact, it’s no longer just bacteria that are becoming resistant. The WHO has stopped referring to the problem as “antibiotic resistance” and now calls it “antimicrobial resistance,” to encompass other organisms, such as viruses and parasites, that no longer respond to the drugs of choice. Namely, treating the viruses tuberculosis and HIV, and malaria (a parasite), has become harder as these diseases become resistant to medications.  Even H1N1, the so-called “swine flu” that reached pandemic levels in 2009, has begun developing resistance to potent antiviral drugs.

For quite possibly the first time, the WHO also called out the food industry for its contribution to antimicrobial resistance. ” The use of antibiotics in animal husbandry—including in livestock, poultry and fish farming—are leading to increasing recognition that urgent action is needed to avoid inappropriate use, and to reduce antibiotic usage in animal husbandry and aquaculture, as well as in humans,” the report states. In the U.S., 80 percent of antibiotics sold go into animal feed to prevent infections in healthy animals or to speed growth. And we’re not alone. “In many countries, the total amount of antibiotics used in animals (both food-producing and companion animals), measured as gross weight, exceeds the quantity used in the treatment of disease in humans,” the authors found.

Source: WHO: Antibiotic Resistance Now a ‘Major Threat to Public Health’

Phthalate, antibiotic levels plummet after five-day vegetarian diet — Environmental Health News

Phthalate, antibiotic levels plummet after five-day vegetarian diet — Environmental Health News

Why Nanna’s advice to always eat your veg and fruit is good advice! –

Twenty-five participants lived in a Buddhist temple and adopted the monks’ lifestyle – including their traditional vegetarian diet – for five days.

At the beginning of their “Temple Stay,” participants completed a questionnaire about what they had eaten in the previous 48 hours. They gave a urine sample to provide information on level of exposure to antibiotics and phthalates before the program began. None of the participants had taken any antibiotics or pharmaceutical drugs in the previous month. After five days of following a traditional Buddhist monk lifestyle and diet, participants again gave a urine sample so that levels of chemicals in their bodies after the program could be assessed.

Because it is difficult to measure levels of phthalates directly, researchers typically measure levels of their breakdown products in the urine samples. In this case, the scientists looked at levels of six different phthalate breakdown products as well as concentrations of three commonly used antibiotics and two of their breakdown products.

The researchers compared levels of phthalates and antibiotics in the body before and after the program. They also examined how the foods eaten in the days prior to the start of the Temple Stay related to the before levels of chemicals in their urine.

What did they find?

Participants varied greatly as to which antibiotics were detected in their bodies at the start of the study. By the end of the study, in many cases, participants’ antibiotic concentrations were too low to be accurately measured. For those samples that could be measured, moreover, both urinary levels of the antibiotics and the estimated daily intake of antibiotics had decreased after the Temple Stay.

Every participant had measurable levels of all six phthalate breakdown products at both the beginning and end of the study. However, after the five-day program, levels of all but one had dropped significantly, as had the estimated daily intake of phthalates.

The researchers also found that the foods participants ate in the 48 hours before starting the program were related to the concentrations of antibiotics and phthalates in their bodies. Beef, pork and dairy were associated with starting urinary levels of the various antibiotics, suggesting that those foods may be major inadvertent routes of exposure to the pharmaceuticals. Similarly, levels of one particular phthalate breakdown product were related to number of servings of dairy products consumed in the previous 48 hours.

Click Phthalate, antibiotic levels plummet after five-day vegetarian diet — Environmental Health News to read the full article.